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? = (NH4)2S2O8 | Isu dheellitirka Kiimikada

? = ammonium persulfate

Wararka Kaliya 5% ee DADKA ayaa ogaan lahaa

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Wararka Kaliya 5% ee DADKA ayaa ogaan lahaa

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Ka raadinta keydkeena xogta wax ka badan 5552 walxo kiimiko ah

(NS4)2S2O8

qaab gaaban H8N2O8S2



Amooniyam ayaa qulqulaya


ammonium ayaa baabiisa



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 228.2021

Falcelinta isku dhafka

Sidoo kale loo yaqaan fal-celinta isku-xirnaanta. Nooc ka mid ah falceliska isku dhafan ee soo noqnoqda waa falcelinta cunsur leh oksijiin si loo sameeyo oksaydh. Xaaladaha qaarkood awgood, biraha iyo biraha aan caadiga ahayn labadooduba waxay si fudud ula falgalaan oksijiinta. Markii la shido, magnesiumku si dhakhso leh ayuu u falceliyaa, isagoo la falgala ogsajiinta hawada si loo abuuro budada magnesium oxide oo fiican.

2Mg + O2 → 2MgO H2O + ZnO → Zn(OH)2 Cl2 + Noqo → BeCl2 Fe + 2Fe (MAYA3)3 → 3 Fee (MAYA3)2 2F2 + Si → SiF4 Hcl + NH3 → NH4Cl O2 + Si → SiO2 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta iskudhafka
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Dareenka kala-baxa

Dareen-celin badan oo kala-baxa ayaa ku lug leh kuleylka, iftiinka, ama korontada si ay u geliso tamarta. Xeryahooda Binary waa xeryahooda oo ka kooban kaliya laba cunsur. Nooca ugu fudud ee fal-celinta kala-daadashada ayaa ah marka isku-darka labada qaybood uu u burburo qaybaha uu ka kooban yahay. Maaddada loo yaqaan 'Mercury (II) oxide', oo ah mid adag oo casaan ah, waxay isu rogtaa sameynta meerkuri iyo gaaska oksijiinta marka la kululeeyo. Sidoo kale, falcelinta waxaa loo tixgeliyaa inay tahay fal-celin burburin xitaa haddii mid ama in kabadan oo badeecada ay weli yihiin kuwo isku jira. Kaarbood bir ah ayaa burbura si ay u sameysmaan bir bir ah iyo gaaska kaarboon laba ogsaydhka. Kaalshiyamka kaalshiyamka ah tusaale ahaan wuxuu ku dhacaa kaalshiyamka oksaydh iyo kaarboon laba ogsaydh.

2KClO3 → 2KCl + 3O2 5O2 + C4H6Cl2 H 2H2O + 2HCl + 4CO2 (NS4)2SO4 → H2SO4 + 2NH3 C4H10 . CH3CH = CHCH3 + H2 2HI → H2 + I2 4Al (MAYA3)3 → 2Al2O3 + 12MAYA2 + 3O2 FeCl2 → Cl2 + Fe Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta Burburka
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Fal-galka yareynta-hawada

Fal-celinta oksaydh-yaraynta (redox) waa nooc ka mid ah falcelinta kiimikada ee ku lug leh wareejinta elektaroonigyada u dhexeeya laba nooc. Falcelinta yareynta oksaydhku waa falcelin kasta oo kiimiko ah taas oo tirada oksaydhka ee mecuulle, atom, ama ion ay isbeddelayso iyadoo la helo ama lumiyo elektaroonig. Dareen-celinta Redox waa wax caadi ah oo muhiim u ah qaar ka mid ah shaqooyinka aasaasiga ah ee nolosha, oo ay ku jiraan sawir-qaadista, neefsashada, gubashada, iyo daxalka ama miridhku.

2Na + S → Na2S 3Cl2 + 2NH3 → 6HCl + N2 8H2SO4 + 2KMnO4 + 10NaCl → 5Cl2 + 8H2O + 2MnSO4 + 5Na2SO4 + K2SO4 2Pb (MAYA3)2 → 4MAYA2 + 4O2 + 2PbO C + PbO → CO + Pb 2Al + 3Hg (CH3COO)2 → 3Hg + 2Al (CH3COO)3 2CH4 + 2Cl2 + O2 H 2H2O + 2CH2Cl2 Arag dhammaan falcelinta-dhimista Oxidation
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Falcelinta hal-beddelka ah

A + BC → AC + B Qaybta A waa bir falcelintan guud waxayna beddeleysaa cunsur B, bir ku dhex jirta sidoo kale. Haddii curiyaha beddelaya uu yahay mid aan bir ahayn, waa inuu beddelaa mid kale oo aan bir ahayn oo ku jira isku dhafan, wuxuuna noqonayaa isla'egta guud. Birayaal badan ayaa si fudud ula falgala aashitada, mid ka mid ah waxyaabaha falcelinta sameeya markay sidaa sameeyaanna waa gaaska haydarojiin. Zinc wuxuu ku falceliyaa aaladda biyaha zinc chloride iyo haydarojiin leh hydrochloride acid (eeg sawirka hoose).

Cl2 + 2NaBr → Br2 + 2NaCl Br2 + C2H6 . C2H5Br + HBr Fe + H2SO4 → H2 + FESO4 2AlCl3 + 3Mg → 2Al + 3MgCl2 C6H5NH3Cl + NaOH → C6H5NH2 + H2O + NaCl CH3COCl + 2C2H5NH2 → NH3 + C2H5Cl + CH3CONHC2H5 Fe + CuSO4 → Ku + FESO4 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta hal-beddelka ah
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Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah

AB + CD → AD + CB A iyo C waa calaamado lagu soo oogay dacaayadaha falcelintan, halka B iyo D ay yihiin anions diidmo diidmo ah. Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah waxay caadi ahaan ku dhacdaa xalka aqueous inta u dhexeysa xeryahooda. Si aad u keento falcelin, mid ka mid ah badeecooyinka badanaa waa ciriiri adag, gaas, ama isku duubnaanta maadada sida biyaha. Foomamka soo dejintu waxay ku yimaadaan falcelin laba-beddel ah markii calaamadaha ka soo baxa hal jawaab-bixiye ay isku daraan si ay u sameeyaan isku-darka ionic aan kala-go'in lahayn oo leh anions ka soo baxa fal-celinta kale. Falcelinta soo socota waxay dhacdaa marka xalalka aqueous-ka ee iodide-ka iyo sunta rasaasta (II) la isku daro.

(NS4)2SO4 + Ca (OH)2 H 2H2O + 2NH3 + Kiis4 2 KOH + SO2 → H2O + K2SO3 Cl2 + CHC3 → HCl + CCl4 H2SO4 + 2NaHS → H2S + Na2SO4 NaOH + NAHSO3 → H2O + Na2SO3 C6H5Cl + NaOH → C6H5OH + NaCl NaHCO3 + NaOH → H2O + Na2CO3 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta laba-laabashada ah
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Isleegyada (NH4) 2S2O8 wax soo saar ahaan

ammonium ayaa baabiisa

U arag dhammaan isleegyada (NH4) 2S2O8 wax soo saar ahaan
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