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C4H10 = CH3CH = CHCH3 H2 | Isu dheellitirka Kiimikada

butane = haydarojiin

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Ka raadinta keydkeena xogta wax ka badan 5552 walxo kiimiko ah

C4H10



Bhutan


butane



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 58.1222


Cufnaanta adag (kg / m3) 2.48

CH3CH = CHCH3

qaab gaaban



laakiin-2-en




Cufnaanta adag (kg / m3) 604


Barta karkarinta (° C) 2.25


Xaaladda dhibicda (° C) -122.2

H2



biyaha


hydrogen



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 2.01588 ± 0.00014


Cufnaanta adag (kg / m3) 70


Barta karkarinta (° C) -252


Xaaladda dhibicda (° C) -259


Dareenka elektaroonigga ah 2


Tamarta Marka Hore 1312

Falcelinta isku dhafka

Sidoo kale loo yaqaan fal-celinta isku-xirnaanta. Nooc ka mid ah falceliska isku dhafan ee soo noqnoqda waa falcelinta cunsur leh oksijiin si loo sameeyo oksaydh. Xaaladaha qaarkood awgood, biraha iyo biraha aan caadiga ahayn labadooduba waxay si fudud ula falgalaan oksijiinta. Markii la shido, magnesiumku si dhakhso leh ayuu u falceliyaa, isagoo la falgala ogsajiinta hawada si loo abuuro budada magnesium oxide oo fiican.

NaOH + CO2 → NaHCO3 2Al + 3Br2 → 2AlBr3 H2O + CO2 → H2CO3 2Al + 3I2 → 2Cali3 Hg + S → HgS H2O + ZnO → Zn(OH)2 2H + NH2OH → NH4OH Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta iskudhafka
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Dareenka kala-baxa

Dareen-celin badan oo kala-baxa ayaa ku lug leh kuleylka, iftiinka, ama korontada si ay u geliso tamarta. Xeryahooda Binary waa xeryahooda oo ka kooban kaliya laba cunsur. Nooca ugu fudud ee fal-celinta kala-daadashada ayaa ah marka isku-darka labada qaybood uu u burburo qaybaha uu ka kooban yahay. Maaddada loo yaqaan 'Mercury (II) oxide', oo ah mid adag oo casaan ah, waxay isu rogtaa sameynta meerkuri iyo gaaska oksijiinta marka la kululeeyo. Sidoo kale, falcelinta waxaa loo tixgeliyaa inay tahay fal-celin burburin xitaa haddii mid ama in kabadan oo badeecada ay weli yihiin kuwo isku jira. Kaarbood bir ah ayaa burbura si ay u sameysmaan bir bir ah iyo gaaska kaarboon laba ogsaydhka. Kaalshiyamka kaalshiyamka ah tusaale ahaan wuxuu ku dhacaa kaalshiyamka oksaydh iyo kaarboon laba ogsaydh.

2Cu (MAYA3)2 → 2CuO + 4MAYA2 + O2 C4H10 . C2H4 + C2H6 C2H5Cl → C2H4 + Hcl 2C2H5OH → H2O + C2H5OC2H5 C2H6 . C2H4 + H2 2Al (OH)3 → Al2O3 + 3H2O MgCO3 → MgO + CO2 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta Burburka
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Fal-galka yareynta-hawada

Fal-celinta oksaydh-yaraynta (redox) waa nooc ka mid ah falcelinta kiimikada ee ku lug leh wareejinta elektaroonigyada u dhexeeya laba nooc. Falcelinta yareynta oksaydhku waa falcelin kasta oo kiimiko ah taas oo tirada oksaydhka ee mecuulle, atom, ama ion ay isbeddelayso iyadoo la helo ama lumiyo elektaroonig. Dareen-celinta Redox waa wax caadi ah oo muhiim u ah qaar ka mid ah shaqooyinka aasaasiga ah ee nolosha, oo ay ku jiraan sawir-qaadista, neefsashada, gubashada, iyo daxalka ama miridhku.

Br2 + H2O → HBrO + HBr 4Al (MAYA3)3 → 2Al2O3 + 12MAYA2 + 3O2 2Ca (OH)2 + 2Cl2 H 2H2O + CaCl2 + Ca (ClO)2 Sb2O5 → o2 + Sb2O3 3CO + Fe2O3 → 2Fe + 3CO2 3 Fe + 2O2 → Fe3O4 4HI + O2 H 2H2O + 2I2 Arag dhammaan falcelinta-dhimista Oxidation
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Falcelinta hal-beddelka ah

A + BC → AC + B Qaybta A waa bir falcelintan guud waxayna beddeleysaa cunsur B, bir ku dhex jirta sidoo kale. Haddii curiyaha beddelaya uu yahay mid aan bir ahayn, waa inuu beddelaa mid kale oo aan bir ahayn oo ku jira isku dhafan, wuxuuna noqonayaa isla'egta guud. Birayaal badan ayaa si fudud ula falgala aashitada, mid ka mid ah waxyaabaha falcelinta sameeya markay sidaa sameeyaanna waa gaaska haydarojiin. Zinc wuxuu ku falceliyaa aaladda biyaha zinc chloride iyo haydarojiin leh hydrochloride acid (eeg sawirka hoose).

Cu (MAYA3)2 + Fe → Cu + Fe (MAYA3)2 2AgNO3 + Cu → 2Ag + Cu (MAYA3)2 CH3COCl + 2C2H5NH2 → NH3 + C2H5Cl + CH3CONHC2H5 Cl2 + C3H8 → HCl + C3H7Cl C + ZnO → CO + Zn 2Na + C6H5Br + CH3Br → C6H5CH3 + 2NaBr H2SO4 + Beam2 → H2O2 + BASO4 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta hal-beddelka ah
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Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah

AB + CD → AD + CB A iyo C waa calaamado lagu soo oogay dacaayadaha falcelintan, halka B iyo D ay yihiin anions diidmo diidmo ah. Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah waxay caadi ahaan ku dhacdaa xalka aqueous inta u dhexeysa xeryahooda. Si aad u keento falcelin, mid ka mid ah badeecooyinka badanaa waa ciriiri adag, gaas, ama isku duubnaanta maadada sida biyaha. Foomamka soo dejintu waxay ku yimaadaan falcelin laba-beddel ah markii calaamadaha ka soo baxa hal jawaab-bixiye ay isku daraan si ay u sameeyaan isku-darka ionic aan kala-go'in lahayn oo leh anions ka soo baxa fal-celinta kale. Falcelinta soo socota waxay dhacdaa marka xalalka aqueous-ka ee iodide-ka iyo sunta rasaasta (II) la isku daro.

NaOH + H3PO4 → H2O + NaH2PO4 HNO3 + NaOH → H2O + NaNO3 FeCl2 + Na2S → Fes + 2NaCl 6CaF2 + H2SO4 + 7SO3 + Na2B4O7 . Na2SO4 + 6CaSO4 + 4BF3 BaCl2 + H2SO4 → 2HCl + BASO4 Ba (MAYA3)2 + K2SO4 → 2KNO3 + BASO4 Al2(NA4)3 + 3H2O + 3K2CO3 → 2Al (OH)3 + 3K2SO4 + 3CO2 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta laba-laabashada ah
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