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CO H2O CH3-CH=CH2 = C3H7COOH | Isu dheellitirka Kiimikada

1-Dhaqaale; Propylene; U nugul; NCI-C-50077; R-1270 = Butyric acid; Butanoic acid; n-Butyric acid; Butyric acid caadiga ah; 3-Methylpropionic acid; 3-Methylpropanoic acid

Wararka Kaliya 5% ee DADKA ayaa ogaan lahaa

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Ka raadinta keydkeena xogta wax ka badan 5552 walxo kiimiko ah

CO



oxac kabachi


carbon monoxide



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 28.0101


Cufnaanta adag (kg / m3) 1145


Barta karkarinta (° C) -192


Xaaladda dhibicda (° C) -205

H2O



nc


biyaha



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 18.01528 ± 0.00044


Cufnaanta adag (kg / m3) 1


Barta karkarinta (° C) 100


Xaaladda dhibicda (° C) 4

CH3-CH = CH2

qaab gaaban



1-Faafi


1-Propene; Propylene; Faafin; NCI-C-50077; R-1270


C3H7COOH

qaab gaaban C4H8O2



Axit butaniga


Butyric acid; Butanoic acid; n-Butyric acid; caadiga ah Butyric acid; 3-Methylpropionic acid; 3-Methylpropanoic acid



Atomic_weight (g / mol) 88.1051

Falcelinta isku dhafka

Sidoo kale loo yaqaan fal-celinta isku-xirnaanta. Nooc ka mid ah falceliska isku dhafan ee soo noqnoqda waa falcelinta cunsur leh oksijiin si loo sameeyo oksaydh. Xaaladaha qaarkood awgood, biraha iyo biraha aan caadiga ahayn labadooduba waxay si fudud ula falgalaan oksijiinta. Markii la shido, magnesiumku si dhakhso leh ayuu u falceliyaa, isagoo la falgala ogsajiinta hawada si loo abuuro budada magnesium oxide oo fiican.

Ca3(PO4)2 + H3PO4 → 3CaHPO4 C2H2 + 2HCHO → HOCH2CCCH2OH 4Al + 3O2 → 2Al2O3 H2O + ZnO → Zn(OH)2 F2 + H2 → 2HF H2SO4 + NH3 → NH4HSO4 H2SO4 + 2NH3 → (NH4)2SO4 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta iskudhafka
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Dareenka kala-baxa

Dareen-celinta kala-baxa badan ayaa ku lug leh kuleyl, iftiin, ama koronto si loo geliyo tamarta. Iskudhisyada binary waa iskudhisyo ka kooban laba walxood oo kaliya. Nooca ugu fudud ee falcelinta kala goynta waa marka iskudhis binary u kala jabo canaasisheeda. Meerkuri (II) oksaydh, adag cas, wuu qudhmi si uu u sameeyo meerkuri iyo gaasta ogsijiinta marka la kululeeyo. Sidoo kale, falcelinta waxa loo tixgaliyaa falcelinta kala-soocida xataa haddii mid ama in ka badan oo ka mid ah alaabtu ay weli yihiin isku dhis. Kaarboonaydh bir ah ayaa burburisa si ay u samaysato oksaydh bir ah iyo gaasta kaarboon laba ogsaydh. Kaalshiyam carbonate tusaale ahaan wuxuu u kala baxaa kalsiyum oxide iyo carbon dioxide.

2Fe (OH)3 → Fe2O3 + 3H2O MgCO3 → MgO + CO2 Fe2(NA4)3 → Fe2O3 + 3SO3 Ba (HCO3)2 → H2O + CO2 + BaCO3 (NS4)2CO3 → H2O + 2NH3 + CO2 2H2O + CaCl2 → Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 + 2H2 2 Ag2O → 4Ag + O2 Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta Burburka
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Fal-galka yareynta-hawada

Fal-celinta oksaydh-yaraynta (redox) waa nooc ka mid ah falcelinta kiimikada ee ku lug leh wareejinta elektaroonigyada u dhexeeya laba nooc. Falcelinta yareynta oksaydhku waa falcelin kasta oo kiimiko ah taas oo tirada oksaydhka ee mecuulle, atom, ama ion ay isbeddelayso iyadoo la helo ama lumiyo elektaroonig. Dareen-celinta Redox waa wax caadi ah oo muhiim u ah qaar ka mid ah shaqooyinka aasaasiga ah ee nolosha, oo ay ku jiraan sawir-qaadista, neefsashada, gubashada, iyo daxalka ama miridhku.

2AgNO3 + ZnCl2 → 2AgCl + Zn (MAYA3)2 Fe + CuSO4 → Ku + FESO4 H2O + Na2CO3 + CO2 → 2NaHCO3 3 Fe + 2O2 → Fe3O4 9H2SO4 + 6KMnO4 + 10MAYA → 4H2O + 10HNO3 + 6MnSO4 + 3K2SO4 Cr + 4HNO3 H 2H2O + MAYA + Cr (MAYA3)3 2Al + 2H2O + 2KOH → 3H2 + 2KAlO2 Arag dhammaan falcelinta-dhimista Oxidation
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Falcelinta hal-beddelka ah

A + BC → AC + B Qaybta A waa bir falcelintan guud waxayna beddeleysaa cunsur B, bir ku dhex jirta sidoo kale. Haddii curiyaha beddelaya uu yahay mid aan bir ahayn, waa inuu beddelaa mid kale oo aan bir ahayn oo ku jira isku dhafan, wuxuuna noqonayaa isla'egta guud. Birayaal badan ayaa si fudud ula falgala aashitada, mid ka mid ah waxyaabaha falcelinta sameeya markay sidaa sameeyaanna waa gaaska haydarojiin. Zinc wuxuu ku falceliyaa aaladda biyaha zinc chloride iyo haydarojiin leh hydrochloride acid (eeg sawirka hoose).

CH3Br + KCN → KBr + CH3CN Cl2 + C3H8 → HCl + C3H7Cl 2HCl + Zn → H2 + ZnCl2 4Cl2 + 2 Fe2O3 → 4FeCl2 + 3O2 2Ca (OH)2 + Mg (HCO3)2 → 2CaCO3 + 2H2O + Mg (OH)2 C6H5Cl + 2NaOH → C6H5ONA + H2O + NaCl H2O + Mg → H2 + MgO Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta hal-beddelka ah
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Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah

AB + CD → AD + CB A iyo C waa calaamado lagu soo oogay dacaayadaha falcelintan, halka B iyo D ay yihiin anions diidmo diidmo ah. Falcelinta laba-laabashada ah waxay caadi ahaan ku dhacdaa xalka aqueous inta u dhexeysa xeryahooda. Si aad u keento falcelin, mid ka mid ah badeecooyinka badanaa waa ciriiri adag, gaas, ama isku duubnaanta maadada sida biyaha. Foomamka soo dejintu waxay ku yimaadaan falcelin laba-beddel ah markii calaamadaha ka soo baxa hal jawaab-bixiye ay isku daraan si ay u sameeyaan isku-darka ionic aan kala-go'in lahayn oo leh anions ka soo baxa fal-celinta kale. Falcelinta soo socota waxay dhacdaa marka xalalka aqueous-ka ee iodide-ka iyo sunta rasaasta (II) la isku daro.

Al2(NA4)3 + 6NaOH → 2Al(OH)3 + 3Na2SO4 4 KOH + Al (MAYA3)3 H 2H2O + 3KNO3 + KALO2 3Ca (H2PO4)2 + 12KOH → Ca3(PO4)2 + 12H2O + 4K3PO4 4HCl + CO2 H 2H2O + CCl4 ZnSO4 + Ba (OH)2 → Zn(OH)2 + BASO4 Hcl + [Zn (NH3)4] Cl2 → NH4Cl + ZnCl2 NaOH + NaHS → H2O + NaKS Eeg Dhammaan falcelinta laba-laabashada ah
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Isleegyada leh C3H7COOH wax soo saar ahaan

Butyric acid; Butanoic acid; n-Butyric acid; caadiga ah Butyric acid; 3-Methylpropionic acid; 3-Methylpropanoic acid

2Cu (OH)2 + C3H7CHO → 2H2O + Cu2O + C3H7COOH CO + H2O + CH3-CH = CH2 . C3H7COOH U arag dhammaan isleegyada leh C3H7COOH wax soo saar ahaan
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